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Longans

INCI: Dimocarpus Longan

Overview

Longan, a fruit of the Longan tree that goes by the botanical name Dimocarpus longan is touted for its sweet and juicy flavour throughout the world. It is chiefly deemed as one of the better-known tropical members of the soapberry family Sapindaceae, to which fruits like lychee, ackee, salt lime, rambutan and guarana also belong. Longan fruit is much similar to lychee but less aromatic in taste. The fruit is often referred to as ‘dragon’s eye’ because of its appearance since the flesh of the fruit is pale white with a black seed right in the middle. The fruit usually tastes like a grape with a hint of musky flavour.

ORGANIC FORMULATION: Accepted

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REGUATORY STATUS: widely accepted

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Possible Health Concerns/Side Effects: considered safe

restricted in: widely accepted

Longan (scientific name Dimocarpus longan) is a tropical tree that bears edible fruits. In fact, longan is one of the more familiar tropical trees belonging to the soapberry family (Sapindaceae). This plant family also includes lychee. Longan has its origin in Southern Asia.

A close relative of lychee, often longan has been mentioned as “lychee’s little brother”. Compared to lychee, longan is somewhat smaller in size and has a pale brown hued skin that is smoother compared to that of lychee. The two fruits, however, have a similar taste. Longan is valued commercially because it comes soon after lychee’s season, thereby extending the time of this type of fruit’s availability in the market.

Longan grows in clusters that hang from the branches. This is a spherical fruit measuring anything between 1/2 inch and 1 inch across. The rind of longan fruit is thin, fragile and its color may vary from yellowish-brown to pale reddish-brown. The flesh of the fruit is translucent, whitish, slightly musky and sweet. However, longan is less sweet compared to lychee and also less aromatic. The seed of longan is round, shining, jet-black having a white mark at its base. This white spot gives the impression of an eye.


The wealth of nutrients in this incredible fruit includes a good source of vitamin C, B-vitamins and other essential minerals like potassium, copper, zinc, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, calcium and manganese. It is low in calories and also has less carbs making it an appropriate choice for people following a ketogenic diet. This juicy fruit also boasts certain antioxidant polyphenols like gallic acid, corilagin, and ellagic acid that are extremely beneficial for increasing the overall wellness of the body. Additionally, imbued with potent anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral and antibacterial properties, longan fruit is used for treating and managing anemia, iron deficiency, skin issues, stress, insomnia, high blood pressure, obesity, chronic diseases and very well helps in boosting immunity, speeding up healing process, aiding digestion and improving memory capacity. 

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